What Is a Fruit?
A fruit is the seed-bearing structure of a flowering plant. It develops from the ovary after flowering. It is the main means by which flowering plants disseminate their seeds. The symbiotic relationship between humans and animals allows them to reproduce. For this reason, the world’s food supply depends on fruits. Some fruits have a very rich cultural history and are used for traditional medicines.
Although the definition of fruit varies, most are considered edible parts. Peas, for example, have tissue derived from the sepals and pistils of many flowers. The resulting flesh is similar to the meat of chicken. The resulting product is a tasty delicacy. Its nutritional content is also high. The seeds, like most others, are the source of the food we eat. However, a lot of our daily needs and desires are met in the form of fruit, and this is where a healthy diet comes in.
Different types of fruits have different characteristics. Some fruits are simple, meaning that they are the result of the ripening of a single ovary. A fruit that has multiple pistils is called an aggregate. There are also fruits resulting from merging of many flowers. These different types are categorized according to their fleshiness and dryness. In general, the fruit of a berry is sweeter than a tomato, avocado, or eggplant, though these are still not considered fruits.
Some fruits have multiple fruits. Multiple fruitlets develop from a cluster of flowers (inflorescence). Each fruitlet grows from a single flower. Then, these single fruitlets merge together to form a mass of fruit. Examples of multiple fruits include pineapple, breadfruit, fig, Osage orange, and mulberry. The flowers of a fig are grouped into the head and grow into drupes. A drupe expands and becomes a fleshy, edible fruit.
Some fruits have multiple parts. For example, the pistils of bananas, pineapples, and grapefruits are all edible. Other fruits, such as a papaya, a mango, or a pomegranate, contains the tissues of the pistils and sepals of many flowers. They are also a fruit. The pericarp is the outermost part of a nut. If a fig is a melon, it is the most common type of acorn.
Unlike a nut, a drupe is not a fruit. It is a small, amorphous, and often edible component of a flower. The nut-like structure of a nut is the seed. The ovules of a nut are the seeds. Hence, a nut or a pomegranate is a drupe. It is similar to a walnut in shape.
Other fruits are known by different names. For instance, strawberries are a follicular fruit, while bananas are technically a drupe is a true berry. The former is a drupe, while the latter is a simple fruit. While most berries are pomegranate, the latter is not. Rather, it is a drupe. Those that are a follicular fruit are more commonly called achenes, as they have many carpels.