In botany, a fruit tree is the main stem-less structure in flowering trees which is usually formed by the ovary, or fruit-bearing tissue, after flowering. Most of the fruits on a plant are dependent on other life for growth and distribution, although there are a few that grow alone. The majority of the berry-like fruits are classified as floral fruits, such as pomegranates, plums, quinceanera, cherries, nectarines and lychee. Some of the berry-like fruits include blackberries (Rubus idaeus), blueberries (Vitex negundo), strawberries (Citrus maxima), bilberries (Rubus vulgaris), bilberry (Citrus spicata), cranberries (Pumpkingsia impati), peaches (Auricularis species), kiwi (Ocimum sanctum), plums (Plumina rubra), persimmons (Pluchea lanceolata), prunes (Pluchea pomonella) and wax apples (Sidera cordifolia).
Upon ripe fruits form the edible part of the fruit, known as the pulp, while the seeds are enclosed in the edible part of the fruit known as the peel. Some fruits have been domesticated for eating, although others belong to a class of wild fruit, sometimes bearing small seeds. Wild fruits vary greatly in size, shape and colour and may be eaten raw or eaten in salad dressings or cooked in juices. Some fruits have a bitter taste, others anise flavour.
The seeds of a fruit have been likened to the black seeds found in peanut butter. Although the similarity between the two food components has no direct relation, the similarity between a fruit and a peanut is that the edible parts are generally smaller than the seeds. Peanuts are commonly used as a flavouring agent in cooking. The seeds of a fruit are generally not used in cooking, although some of the fruit-like vegetable varieties do contain seeds.
A vegetable, as the name suggests, is any living plant that has either a single stem or a series of stems, with the stems bearing leaves or fruit. A vegetable generally refers to any vegetable that has been cultivated and grown for the purpose of food. In the botanical definition the vegetable refers only to those vegetables that belong to the class of plants that are produced by insects and that have not been cross-bred. In the common word, the vegetable refers to all varieties that are likely to grow in a garden. The botanical definition includes tomatoes, carrots, potatoes, aubergine, eggplant, cabbage, cucumbers and peppers among other vegetable types.
A fruit, like any other fruit, is a berry. The berry is a composite unit consisting of the skin, white seeds and the berry’s own juices. The name fruit comes from the Latin word for berry, mussels, which was taken from a Latin word which meant ‘wing’. In the botanical definition, the fruit is simply any vegetable that is classed as a berry. It is also likely to include mangoes, peaches, plums, kiwi fruit, cranberries, blueberries and strawberries among other fruit classes.
Tomatoes, unlike other vegetables, contain the entire seed and the pulp of the tomato, but in a very small proportion. The seed is referred to as the pomegranate in Europe, where it is commonly known as the’stone of the gods’. The seed of the tomato can be used for the manufacture of many products, including sauces, soups and ketchup. The pulp is the liquid that is obtained when the seed is extracted from the tomato.