Botanical Definition of Fruit
In botany, a fruit tree is simply the reproductive structure in a plant that’s formed at the end of flowering when the pollen has fully developed. When it comes to tropical fruits, the most familiar of which are mango and papaya, the fruit trees are called palms and have a bark with an ovule at the top. On the other hand, fruit trees are named trees due to the fruits that they bear; hence, “tree” in the name. Typically, a fruit tree is found in the tropical and subtropical regions where the humidity is high and the fruits are exposed to a lot of water.
But what exactly is a fruit tree? A botanical definition would be a berry-like plant that’s grown to produce fruit and leaves. There are several types of fruit trees like pomegranates, nashi pears, persimmons, acerola, etc. While all these fruits look similar in terms of shape, color, size and habit, they differ significantly when it comes to the nutrients contained in each berry. Nashi pearls for example, are round in shape and are one of the most valuable varieties of fruits, as they are edible and can be eaten raw.
The ovaries or the glands on the undersides of the fruits are the place where the enzymes that form the fruit are formed. In other words, the enzymes that grow and develop the fruit are contained within the ovary and these are then released through the placenta during the process of fertilization. This means that the fruit itself contains inside it the germs or enzymes that are responsible for making the fruit grow and develop properly. Fertilization is carried out through the method of exposure to sun light. The fruits then grow and thrive thanks to the presence of all the necessary elements that make them grow – the sunlight, vitamins and minerals.
Just like the ovaries, the ducts that connect the ovary and the gynoecium also contain germs that grow and reproduce the fruit’s cells. The ducts that link the two together also contain the source of energy that allows the fruit to grow. In the case of a fruit that contains a single flower, the process of fertilization is carried out manually by piercing the single flower with a needle. The germs inside the fruit are then released and fertilized. Once this process has been completed, the fruit will begin to grow and develop. As it grows and develops, a spurt of water will fill up its body until it eventually becomes the shape and size that it now is.
There are many other terms that are used in relation to the fruit, including carton, which is a Spanish word meaning “little wheel”. Many botanists believe that the botanical definition of a gynoecium can be split into two, the gynote (which is actually an ovary) and the single flower. The term gynote is actually used in relation to the fruit. The fruit will grow a single flower, but it will also develop a fruit that will form a zygote. This is the botanical definition of the fruit as well as one that can be found in many textbooks and encyclopedias.
A fruit that is dry-ripe is referred to as a fleshy fruit. Fruits that are considered fleshy will have a lot of blood in them and they will have small seeds in them. If the fruit is not ripe before it is picked, the pulp inside it will be covered with white colored splot that resembles the inside of a small flower. A fruit that is juicy will have an inner jelly that will contain lots of water. Lastly, a fruit that contains a large seed in it will be referred to as a seedless fruit.