Types of Fruits and Their Benefits
In botany, a fruit tree is the reproductive structure in flowering plants which are developed from the female ovary at the end of the summer. In the study of botany the fruit trees are the individual plant structures with definite organs like male and female reproductive organs, fruit buds and the style or berry, flower buds, roots etc. In our botanical world, there are two categories of fruits in the world which are-fruits and vegetables. The vegetable belong to the class of fruits, while the other is the class of vegetables. It has been noticed that the fruit trees are more common in Asia and Africa whereas the vegetables are more common in Europe.
Fruit contains a lot of water, cell walls and a lot of nutritious materials in it. The cell walls in fruits contain mucilage, resins and other solid matter, whereas in vegetables they contain cell wall, enzymes, mucilage, resins, and other materials. Fruits are the ones which have undergone significant transformation during the process of maturation. The process of maturation of fruit includes- sprouting of seed, exposure to the environment, fertilization, freezing and maturation.
The process of sprouting starts at the first cell or flower and then all the parts of the plant starts to grow inwards towards the next flower. The process of fertilization is done by making contact with the surface of the opposite sex ovary through the penis or the scrotum, or making direct contact with the ovarian follicle through the vagina. The substances which are used for fertilization are-spermicide, diastase, hormone, testosterone, and aniline. The chemicals fertilizers contain can be categorized into-phosphoric acid, nitric oxide, and carotene.
Fruit is classified into two kinds-worthy and unsuitable fruits-depending on the way they ripen. Upright fruits are hard while inverted-pear shaped fruits are soft. There are different types of fruit like- rind, black currant, cherries, melon, mango, pineapple, watermelon, and so on.
The fruit-bearing flowers are the part of a fruit that bears the edible seeds. These seeds are the end product of maturation of the fruit and are available in the market in varying colors, tastes and aromas. The part of a fruit that is not edible seeds is called rind or pulp and this is generally left behind during the harvesting process. The flesh of a ripe fruit also contains the edible end products but is mostly tasteless.
A ripe fruit contains a black color and is usually golden in color, but other colors can be produced if the fruit is exposed to sun or light. When a fruit ripens it requires protection from excessive heat, cold or humidity. A greenish yellow or brownish colored fruit looks more like a black pod whereas a black fruit resembles a blackened or dried out pod. If a fruit ripens too fast, it may spoil rather quickly and hence must be consumed immediately.